redis基础组件-ae简介

数据结构

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/* File event structure */
typedef struct aeFileEvent {
int mask; /* one of AE_(READABLE|WRITABLE) */
aeFileProc *rfileProc;
aeFileProc *wfileProc;
void *clientData;
} aeFileEvent;

/* Time event structure */
typedef struct aeTimeEvent {
long long id; /* time event identifier. */
long when_sec; /* seconds */
long when_ms; /* milliseconds */
aeTimeProc *timeProc;
aeEventFinalizerProc *finalizerProc;
void *clientData;
struct aeTimeEvent *next;
} aeTimeEvent;

/* A fired event */
typedef struct aeFiredEvent {
int fd;
int mask;
} aeFiredEvent;

/* State of an event based program */
typedef struct aeEventLoop {
int maxfd;
long long timeEventNextId;
aeFileEvent events[AE_SETSIZE]; /* Registered events */
aeFiredEvent fired[AE_SETSIZE]; /* Fired events */
aeTimeEvent *timeEventHead;
int stop;
void *apidata; /* This is used for polling API specific data */
aeBeforeSleepProc *beforesleep;
} aeEventLoop;

特点

  • 整个redis服务器运行的发动机
  • 利用OS提供的多路复用机制,高效的处理句柄的读写事件和超时事件
  • 同一个fd,可读和可写的event是分开的(fd可能随时来数据,所以时刻监听其可读,但只有在还有待写数据的情况下才需要监听fd的可写事件)
  • 在处理时间事件的句柄中,不处理新生成的时间事件

重要接口函数

  • 处理文件fd的读写事件,若没有则等待最近的时间事件超时
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/* Process every pending time event, then every pending file event
* (that may be registered by time event callbacks just processed).
* Without special flags the function sleeps until some file event
* fires, or when the next time event occurrs (if any).
*
* If flags is 0, the function does nothing and returns.
* if flags has AE_ALL_EVENTS set, all the kind of events are processed.
* if flags has AE_FILE_EVENTS set, file events are processed.
* if flags has AE_TIME_EVENTS set, time events are processed.
* if flags has AE_DONT_WAIT set the function returns ASAP until all
* the events that's possible to process without to wait are processed.
*
* The function returns the number of events processed. */
int aeProcessEvents(aeEventLoop *eventLoop, int flags)
{
int processed = 0, numevents;

/* Nothing to do? return ASAP */
if (!(flags & AE_TIME_EVENTS) && !(flags & AE_FILE_EVENTS)) return 0;

/* Note that we want call select() even if there are no
* file events to process as long as we want to process time
* events, in order to sleep until the next time event is ready
* to fire. */
if (eventLoop->maxfd != -1 ||
((flags & AE_TIME_EVENTS) && !(flags & AE_DONT_WAIT))) {
int j;
aeTimeEvent *shortest = NULL;
struct timeval tv, *tvp;

if (flags & AE_TIME_EVENTS && !(flags & AE_DONT_WAIT))
shortest = aeSearchNearestTimer(eventLoop);
if (shortest) {
long now_sec, now_ms;

/* Calculate the time missing for the nearest
* timer to fire. */
aeGetTime(&now_sec, &now_ms);
tvp = &tv;
tvp->tv_sec = shortest->when_sec - now_sec;
if (shortest->when_ms < now_ms) {
tvp->tv_usec = ((shortest->when_ms+1000) - now_ms)*1000;
tvp->tv_sec --;
} else {
tvp->tv_usec = (shortest->when_ms - now_ms)*1000;
}
if (tvp->tv_sec < 0) tvp->tv_sec = 0;
if (tvp->tv_usec < 0) tvp->tv_usec = 0;
} else {
/* If we have to check for events but need to return
* ASAP because of AE_DONT_WAIT we need to se the timeout
* to zero */
if (flags & AE_DONT_WAIT) {
tv.tv_sec = tv.tv_usec = 0;
tvp = &tv;
} else {
/* Otherwise we can block */
tvp = NULL; /* wait forever */
}
}

numevents = aeApiPoll(eventLoop, tvp);
for (j = 0; j < numevents; j++) {
aeFileEvent *fe = &eventLoop->events[eventLoop->fired[j].fd];
int mask = eventLoop->fired[j].mask;
int fd = eventLoop->fired[j].fd;
int rfired = 0;

/* note the fe->mask & mask & ... code: maybe an already processed
* event removed an element that fired and we still didn't
* processed, so we check if the event is still valid. */
if (fe->mask & mask & AE_READABLE) {
rfired = 1;
fe->rfileProc(eventLoop,fd,fe->clientData,mask);
}
if (fe->mask & mask & AE_WRITABLE) {
if (!rfired || fe->wfileProc != fe->rfileProc)
fe->wfileProc(eventLoop,fd,fe->clientData,mask);
}
processed++;
}
}
/* Check time events */
if (flags & AE_TIME_EVENTS)
processed += processTimeEvents(eventLoop);

return processed; /* return the number of processed file/time events */
}
-------------本文结束 感谢阅读-------------